Fortified offers state of the art Las Vegas rodent control and extermination services. We understand the rodents indigenous to the area and their proper remedy.
Finding a solution for rodents is crucial because mice and rats spread disease. However, finding an environmentally friendly one is often next to impossible. When you have an issue related to rodents, we are here to help. We can give you the tools you need to identified the rodents and understand their behavior in a way that is better for the planet.
The types of rodents common to North America are the:
Known as the deer mouse, the scientific name for this animal is Peromyscus maniculatus.
Slightly larger than house mice, deer mice are distinct from other types of mice because they are slightly longer than a couple of inches, have a pointy nose, have a large furry ears and a bi-colored body. While their feet and underbelly are typically white, the top of their body is a reddish-brown. Their short tail is also bi-colored with a darker color on top that is covered with fine hairs.
You can commonly find them outdoors in hollow organic materials like logs or under piles of small stones or gravel. They typically avoid humans, and will only live in a home if no other habitat is available. During winter, they do not hibernate, will seek out food and warmth, and they will make a nest in an uninhabited area of the home. Although they prefer small insects, nuts and berries to eat, they will scavenge almost anything if necessary. They will also store a large reserve of food in their nest.
At two-months-old, they are fully mature and ready to produce a litter. They live about two years in the wild, and a female will produce about four litters a year with up to eight young each. One of the main ways homeowners can tell that they have a deer mouse infestation is the nests and gnaw marks they leave behind. One of the main reasons that deer mice are so harmful is because they are carriers of the Hantavirus. Their feces and urine are also contaminated.
The common house mouse is also called Mus musculus. They can be a light brown, light gray or near black in color. The underside may be white or a lighter color. Often, they will have hair on their ears and tail, but not as much on their body.
House mice are covered in short hair that is light brown or gray to black in color, with lighter bellies. Their ears and tail also bear hair, although much less than their bodies. Adult mice weigh approximately one-half ounce to a full ounce and can grow up to a few inches from the nose to the tip of the tail.
They like to make their nest in outdoor places, and they will choose a dark, enclosed area. This includes fields, large piles of leaves, and dense grassy areas. Unlike rats, house mice will roam around during the day looking for nuts and seeds. They typically will build a nest close to a source of water and food. Because they do not hibernate, they will choose a warmer place to live when it is cold outside. Due to their small size, they can easily access a home through gaps and small cracks.
Reproduction can move very quickly because most mice are sexually mature when they are six weeks old. Every 21 days, a new pregnancy can be produced with up to six babies per litter. An infestation is noted when the small feces pellets are apparent. They are rod-shaped and will have points on both ends. Upon closer examination, the feces have hairs from where they self-groom. Other indicators include chew marks and footprints that have four toes or five toes. There may also be a strong scent of urine because house mice use it to communicate with other mice.
Commonly known as the Norway rat, their scientific name is Rattus norvegicus. Larger than most rats, they have been known to reach lengths of up to a foot-and-a-half. For such a small creature, their body weight can grow up to over a pound. Their tails may be half of their total length. While the roof rat is smooth in appearance, the Norway rat has shaggy brown or gray fur. The ears and tail are not smooth and are instead covered in scales.
Most homeowners can find indicators that they have a Norway rat problem because of the capsule-shaped droppings. If they are seen by homeowners leaving their nest, it is usually at night as they exit from underground burrows to search for food. A good meal to a Norway rat includes nuts, meats, grains and fruits. They will also scavenge dead animals, other rodents or fish. Since water is a priority, they will typically build their nests near a water source. This can be problematic to homeowners because Norway rats live in communities. Since they have strict rules about dominance and subordination, homeowners can often hear them fighting with each other.
Sexual maturity for Norway rats can be reached within two-months and they breed throughout the year. Unlike other types of rats, females can have 12 litters a year with up to 22 pups. Their life expectancy usually extends up to a year.
If homeowners see Norway rats running around outside during the day, it is a sign of a large infestation. Typically, Norway rats want to stay inside with their colony and are only drawn outdoors when the food supply is limited or there is a disturbance in the nest. Many homeowners find their feces or see the grease stains and gnaw marks on wood, building structures or discarded food. The darker the grease stains are, the larger the infestation. They are usually found burrowing under buildings, in sewers, attics, basements in soft soil and near tree roots.
Known by their Latin name Rattus rattus, roof rats can be up to 15 inches long. They have a sleeker body with smoother fur than the Norway rats, and they are not as large. These nocturnal creatures differ from other types of rats because they have a long, hairless tail that is almost the same size as their body. Commonly found outside as opposed to the indoors, they like to build nests under buildings, in garbage and loose piles of wood. If they are found indoors, their nests are usually in the loose fiberglass insulation in an attic.
When they need to access an area, they can easily climb almost anywhere. They prefer vegetables and fruits, but they will also scavenge meat if it is the only thing available. Sexual maturity for a roof rat comes early, and some only need to be two-months-old to reproduce. Each year, they can give birth up to six times and have at least six young. This means that year-round breeding can produce 40 rats per female. While most live for only a year, some can live much longer.
Most homeowners are aware that there are roof rats in their area because they see dead rodents or living ones scurrying about. Since roof rats typically like to stay out of sight, seeing them means that there is an infestation nearby. One other way homeowners can determine if they have roof rats or Norway rats is the size and shape of the feces. Norway rats have larger droppings that are shaped like pills. A roof rat will have slightly smaller feces that have pointed ends. As they travel, they will leave behind the oils from their fur and this produces noticeable greasy stains.
Say goodbye to rodents in your home with one call
Having pests, like rodents, in your home can be a health crisis. Fortified Pest Management understands problems like this, and actively works with our customers for solutions. Included in our process is the focus on the safest resolutions that take care of the rodent issue, protect the environment and safeguard your family. We do this while keeping your budget in mind. To get your home rodent free, call us today.