Learn about each of the pests that are native to the land of Las Vegas, NV. Each insect we encounter on a regular basis is on this page with helpful information and identifying photos. The help of a Fortified Pest Control Specialist may be needed to properly identify the pests at your property to treat the area with proper individual care. Insects and other pests are less likely to invade and reproduce in a home or building if water, food and shelter is unavailable to them. So a great tip for keeping pests away would be to keep surfaces and floors clean, and wash/dry spills as soon as you spot them.
There are over 25 species of ants that frequently infest the home, making them the #1 pest in America. In Nevada, the Argentine, carpenter, and fire ants are the species that are commonly seen. Argentine ants are dark brown in color and may give off an odor when killed. They live in very large colonies, but do not pose any threat to humans. Carpenter ants are larger in size and will damage property by tunneling into wood. With its brownish-red color, fire ants are easy to identify. They are known for their painful sting, which they will inflict multiple times.
Bed bugs are tiny, red insects ¼ inch in length and feed on the blood of mammals, typically humans. They can be found anywhere, but are commonly seen in couches and beds where their host sleeps. Female bed bugs lay up to 400 eggs during their life and each bug can live over 300 days. Bites develop into a raised bump and may itch, but some may have an allergic reaction to them and develop welts. The bites may be annoying, but bed bugs do not spread disease.
Bees are social insects that live in colonies. There are many bee species, but the one most encountered is the European honey bee. The honey bee is not aggressive, but will sting when handled or threatened. Their sting can cause an allergic reaction in some, but are otherwise not a threat. It is the Africanized bee that is the bigger threat, as they are aggressive and will pursuit a target for over a mile. Unlike honey bees, they sting continuously which can be life-threatening.
Wasps can be mistaken for bees, but their bodies are slimmer and not covered in hair. They will nest along buildings and under eaves. In the summer and fall, wasps can become particularly aggressive and may sting without being provoked. Like bees, some people may have an allergic reaction to their sting.
The American, German, and Oriental cockroaches are the most common types found within the home. Cockroaches are great at hiding and reproduce quickly, making them extremely hard to control. These insects are harmful to human health in many ways. They are capable of spreading parasites, pathogens, and over 30 types of bacteria including salmonella and E.coli. Their droppings and shed skin can cause asthma attacks and allergies in children as well.
There are several pathogens that are associated with flies, including Salmonella, Staphylococcus, E. coli and Shigella. Disease causing pathogens are health risks to you, your family and your pets. Typhoid fever, cholera, bacillary dysentery and hepatitis are just a few threats to your household. Sanitation is paramount to controlling these pests, but accurate identification is essential for any successful fly control program.
Considered one of the primary pests in America, mice are brown to gray in color and small in size. They will nest in dark, protected areas and the females can have up to 10 liters per year. They will bite through furniture, wires, and walls and can contaminate food with bacteria. Particles from dried urine, saliva, and droppings can be breathed into the lungs and cause Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, a potentially fatal disease.
Roof rats, which are black or brown in color and have a long tail, will nest inside or below buildings. Norway rats have coats that are brown or gray, and are larger than roof rats. They also have shorter tails and will typically nest underground. Rats are known for their prolific reproduction and a couple of mice can quickly become a large population. They will chew through wiring which can lead to fires and their bite can cause rate bite fever. Of particular concern is hantavirus, which can be contracted through the inhalation of particles found in the droppings, urine, and saliva of rats.
Pigeons, also known as rock doves, are a common pest in urban areas, nesting inside or around various buildings. Their gray heads and colored bands around the neck and on the wings can identify them. Their droppings can cause structures to age faster and when present on the ground, can be a slipping hazard. Pigeons also carry a variety of diseases including toxoplasmosis and salmonella.
A Scorpion has 2 pincers and a long tail ending in a stinger, and can range in color from yellow to brown. They can be found outdoors feeding on insects such as crickets and spiders, but will venture into homes in order to escape the heat. When they feel threatened, scorpions will sting. Most stings are not serious and will cause slight pain and swelling. Other scorpions, such as bark scorpions, have highly toxic venom that can kill humans, particularly the elderly and young children.
There are many different spider species, but the one most frequently seen inside the home is the common house spider. They are brown in color with dark spots and are not dangerous to humans; however, their webs can be an annoyance to some. Other spiders that make their way into the home are the wolf spider and the black widow. The wolf spider is large and hairy and can be found near ground level. They have a painful bite, but are not threatening to humans. Black widows are black with a red hourglass on the abdomen. They build their webs near the floor, usually within boxes or other protected areas. Though biting is not common, they inject a neurotoxin that can cause severe health problems.